Archive for the ‘Dog Tips’ Category

Pomeranians As Pets

Pomeranians belong to the spitz family and are considered part of “toy” breeds because of their tiny size. So much so that they can weight anything from 1.5 to 3. kg.

The fact that they look so fluffy and eye-catching is due to their having to coats rather than one: a thick undercoat and a long and glossy coat on top. Their little heads are angular and fox-looking with small but pointed ears.

Regarding personality and temper, Pomeranians are supposed to be naturally curious and inquisitive, almost cat-like, as well as bubbly and full of beans.

They also tend to be quite cautious when meeting strangers although they can be extremely demonstrative and affectionate with their masters.

If you are looking for a quiet pet, then you should try and have your Pomeranian trained from an early age as they can become quite vocal. They are also reputedly strong-tempered and even a bit whimsical-they enjoy “being the boss” or believing they are-so they are especially inappropriate for very young children such as toddlers. As previously mentioned, Pomeranians can be quick-tempered and will certainly not put up with most young children’s antics and mischief and will surely not enjoy having their tail pulled and so on.

Having said this, Pomeranians are far from antisocial, they are actually very loyal and loving little dogs that actually enjoy being part of a family and will do their best to please you.

On the other hand, they are intelligent dogs that can be easily trained and their tiny size makes them particularly suitable for flat dwellers as they require little room to play and exercise and they are also easy to carry about.

When it comes to food, Pomeranians will obviously prefer homemade food such as fresh meat, so do not hesitate to feed them “real food” rather than balanced dog food. They will certainly appreciate the gesture and the benefits of this natural diet will become apparent in their looks and health!

Dutch Smoushond – Dog Breeds

Group: Terrier

Weight: 20-22 lbs

Height: 14-17 inches

Overview

The precise origin of the Dutch Smoushond is unknown, but these dogs appear to be connected to the German Schnauzer. During the 1800s, these dogs enjoyed great popularity and was seen as a gentlemen's companion. This breed was almost extinct after the Second World War, and initial attempts to save these dogs were unsuccessful. But in the 1970s, a lady by the name of Mrs. HM Barkman started collecting information on these dogs and communicated with sentences that could still remember these dogs. By making use of selective breeding, it was possible for her to re-create the Dutch Smoushond. Although these dogs are still not well known outside of the Netherlands, they are reliably secure.

Temperament

The Dutch Smoushond is a very friendly, obedient and gracious dog. They do not require a lot of maintenance and make wonderful companions. They have a tendency to be timid towards strangers, but they are very affectionate toward the people they know. This is a highly intelligent dog that is very flexible, and they have a lot of talents. These dogs are very attentive to their surroundings and also have a sense of humor. The Dutch Smoushond always tries to please their owners, and love the company of their families. It is not difficult to train the Dutch Smoushond, but training should however be consistent. These dogs get along well with children and other pets in the family.

Care

The unkempt coat of the Dutch Smoushond is fairly easy to take care of. It is advised that the hair should be plucked twice per year by hand. This can either be done by a professional or by owners of this breed. Excess hair should be removed from between the spaces between the pads and also on the inside of the ears between regular grooming sessions.

Training

The Dutch Smoushond is very keen on pleasing and this makes their training very easy. It is imperative that you are always consistent in their training; otherwise they will try to dominate when they see that the handler is fairly relaxed. The will be friendly with children and also accept other animals in the household. In general this breed also gets along well with other dogs.

Health problems

There are no know health issues for the Dutch Smoushond, and they will typically live for 12 to 15 years.

Dog Training – Three Stages of Dog Training

There are three stages of dog training and it is crucial that you understand them if you are going to effectively train your dog properly. When you understand each one, you will be able to identify your dog's progress and use this to sharpen many aspects of your dog's training.

If you are interested in teaching tricks or doggy dancing, then it is extremely important that you learn to recognize these different phases. You will find that your dog will progress at different stages for different behaviors. As you shape your dog's responses you will have to keep in mind what stage your dog is up to in its development.

If you wanted to teach your dog to drop, roll over, play dead and then jump back up again. You would need to do this in segments. It would be impossible to teach it as one movement. Your dog will need to first learn how to drop, then roll over – all the way, then lay its head down and then it would have to learn that it could not get up until you gave it a release command. This can be achieved by chaining the separate actions together. As you began teaching each stage separately you will need to be aware of the different Phases your dog is up to in its learning.

The first stage is the teaching phase. At this stage, we are literally teaching or showing the dog what it is that we want him or her to do. We use rewards and / or trips after every successful attempt during this stage and we must be very patient.

The teaching phase involves you showing your dog what it is that you want. This may involve handling your puppy and using luring to get your dog into a position that you want.

When we are teaching sit, we hold a right right in front of the dog's nose and then move it backwards. The dog will naturally move into a sit position then you will reward and release. If the dog does not move into the position that you want, it does not get the treat. As you place the treat in front of the dog's nose, give the command 'sit' as well. Once your dog will simply 'sit' without you luring it into position, it has moved from the teaching to the training phase. This will happen almost over night with most puppies but other commands may take weeks if not months to train.

It is important in behavioral training to remember the teaching phase too. For example, some dogs and most puppies can not help themselves and have to jump all over you. If your dog is learning to 'sit' and is in the teaching phase you can not expect to be able to redirect it and reward for sitting. You may have to hold your puppy in a sit or 'four on the floor' position, as I call it, and then reward with a pat. You can do this by putting your thumb in its collar and holding it down. If the puppy goes to jump up, hold it down and give it long firm strokes down its back and praise the puppy in a calm voice.

When your puppy has learned not to jump on you but wait in a sit for a pat and the attention it craves, it is in the training phase.

The second stage is the training phase.

At the training phase we can begin to sharpen your dog's response time and the way they respond. At this stage, you will have to be satisfied that your dog knows the command, both verbal and hand signals.

You should also be using trips intermittently during this stage too preparing to wean your dog off them completely.

If your dog knows how to sit but it kicks its legs out to the side or is not relaxed, now is the time to begin to sharpen up this behavior. How? It's easy. When you ask your dog to sit and it does not do it the way you would like simply do not reward. Say 'no'; take a step back and then re-command 'sit'. I always take a step back to give my dogs the opportunity and the space to correct their behavior.

There is no need to use harsh corrections or to start yelling at your dog. I have very well trained dogs that hang off my every word. I have never hit them. I just do not reward for behavior I do not want. Instead, I re-command and wait for them to think and then do what I do want.

Once you are confident that your dog has completed the training stage, it's time for you to move him or her onto the proofing stage. This is the third stage.

There are as many different times and places to get your dog through to the proofing stage. They are only limited by your imagination. Proofing your dog means that your dog will perform any thing you have trained it to do any where. Some places that come to mind our children's playgrounds, schools, dog parks, shops or near farm animals or livestock. Just make sure that you have your dog on leash and have control of it to avoid getting into trouble.

Most people make the mistake of taking their dog out in public long before it is ready. Sure, it can perform complicated tasks at home but in the park with so many other sights and smells? I do not think so.

While I introduce basic obedience commands to my puppy classes, I say over and over again, this is the worst environment to begin teaching your puppy because there are far too many distractions. Who wants to learn to sit when there is a room full of other puppies and people to sniff, lick, roll around with and wreak havoc with? No sane puppy I know! So while I demonstrate the how's and whys, I tell my clients that they will have to begin to practice these commands at home where it is quiet and there are few distractions.

When proofing your dog it is important to remember that you will have to take a few steps back in its training. Do not expect too much and always, always reward for effort. If you begin to lose your temper and you appear to be nagging your dog to do something it does not understand your dog will shut down and will not listen to you at all.

You may also have to increase your dog's motivation when proofing it. This means that you may have to use very special treats such as cheese or kabana, be much more enthusiastic with your voice and give very generous heart-felt pats. You are going to be up against a lot of very interesting distractions so you will have to arm yourself appropriately!

Always be patient and remember to reward what you want; wait patiently for what you would like from you dog and do not use force or punishment. This will help you build a much more meaningful relationship with your dog based on trust and respect.

Dog Training Tips

Now that you have that cute pup that you have always wanted you have to decide how you are going to train it. A new pup can be very charming and lovable. With proper training methods you can teach him / her a lot of tricks such as fetching a stick or playing dead. The pup can guard your house and protect your young children. He / she can also guide your grandmother who is having problems with her eyesight. Dogs are considered as one of the smartest pets one can have. If you want to test your dogs limits when it comes to intellect and skills, then let a professional dog trainer do good job of training. However, if you will just have the right dose of patience and determination that a professional dog trainer has, you can teach your dog a lot of things and you can bring out the best of what your dog can ever be in no time. For the aspiring dog trainers, here are some good dog training tips:

Build a bond with your dog.

Spend time with your dog and create a familial bond with it. Ensure that he / she acknowledges you as his / her keeper. Show your love and concern for your dog so he / she can establish his love and loyalty for you as well. To make sure that he / she will obey you, you should talk, play with and offer trips to him / her. Show the dog that you are his / her caretaker and master. Remember no how bad a day you have your dog will always love you unconditionally. Love covers many training mistakes allowing you to correct them without long term consequences.

Use proper equipment.

Training your dog requires proper training materials. Prior to training, be sure that you have the right set of training equipment for the dog such as the right size of dog training harness, right kind of sticks or balls to fetch, right size of seesaw to balance on, and so on. Be sure that the materials you use do not have dangerous threats to the health and the welfare of your dog.

Be there for your dog.

Your dog needs guidance and it is your responsibility to provide him / her with such. When toilet training, be sure that you take him / her outside when you see the signs that of elimination. When you train him to do various tricks, do not leave him with the training tools and materials alone; teach your dog how to use them properly.

Praise and reward.

Whenever your dog does something good or if your dog responds properly to your training, give him a treat. You can take your dog to the park, lay with him / her, praise him, pat him / her, give your dog a cuddle, and / or provide dog treats such as biscuits or candies. Make all the training exercises fun and your dog will eagerly respond to your efforts.

Avoid punishments.

If your dog does something bad, if your dog does not respond to your training, or if your dog neglects what you have taught him, never hit your dog. You can talk to your dog, show him / her the tricks that you should have given him, and then tell him that what he / she did was wrong. But, you should not hit the dog because this can only establish fear and hate between the two of you. Never ever call a dog to you and severely discriminate it. This one mistake can ruin a relationship with your dog

Start the training immediately.

For obedience training, toilet training, crate use or attack training, such course should start the moment the dog is under your care. The earlier you start your training, the more receptive that your dog is.

If you employ these basic dog training tips you will find that training your dog will be a lot easier and will reduce the chance of serious mistakes that can ruin a good dog.

Australian Cattle Dog

Dog Breed Name:

Australian cattle dog

Dog Type:

AKC herding

Breed Size:

Medium

Average Adult Height:

20 inches

Average Adult Weight:

35 lbs

Availability:

The specie is easily available and can be found from Australia much easily.

Overview:

The dog which came into existence in the early nineteenth century is regarded as a very powerful and an intelligent dog and has helped thousand of farmers in herding. He has a unique resemblance to the hyenas which is very interesting feature about this dog.

Short History:

In the early nineteenth century when the individuals started moving to the Australian continent and found the land fertile they moved their herd of sheep and decided to move in to Australia but the normal dogs that they had did little to control the herds and adjust to the Australian climate and therefore these people experimented by crossing the old collies with other dogs and this is how the Australian cattle dog was formed. Since last century the dog has been known for his contribution as a sheep dog.

Description:

The Australian cattle dogs have a very interesting body features. The face is normally round shaped and is somewhat muscular. The eyes are not widely open and are thin but very sharp. The front legs are straight when viewed from the front and the tail is long which reached the hock. The coat is double layered with a dense coat form the inside and a thick one from the outside.

Temperament:

The dog is known for its intelligence and its amazing skills to control the sheep. It is used for herding and also known for its muscular features and amazing intelligence. The dog is a very friendly dog and it can be easily trained provided that the owner has the temperament to control him and train him. They can be very successful as the guard dogs too and they can be very happy when in crowd. They need to be with the family and not left alone in the backyard. They are very happy to play with the children and should therefore be kept with the children. They can prove to be ferocious to people or dogs that they don’t know and therefore they should be socialized.

Common Ailments:

They are not very easy to handle and needs a lot of your attention. They are highly prone to hip dysplasia and to deafness. Deafness is their inherited disease and therefore they require regular checkups from the veterinary. If your dog becomes ferocious and shows some change in the behavior then you need to get him a check up for deafness.

Grooming/ Physical Needs

They do not require a lot of grooming since they are easy to handle and they can be easily groomed by brushing regularly and not much of the baths required. Since they are known as the cattle dogs therefore they require a lot of exercise. They should be taken on long walks and should also be let to run free in a wide area.

Special Abilities/Talents:

They are regarded as extremely excellent for herding but they can also prove to be very good guard dogs.

Potty Train Dog – It Has to Be Done

Lets face it. Dogs are mammals just like humans. Their bodily functions are just as regular. Dogs must urinate and defecate often. It’s the rules of nature that dictate. And it is possible to “potty train dog”- (a bit of a euphemism).

So when you get a little puppy you had better get a plan. You can’t put a nappy on a dog. You could try of course but I reckon that within 20 seconds your nappy will be in tatters and your floor ruined.

If you get your puppy when it is a couple of weeks old and you have to bottle feed it then chances are you will be able to “potty train” your pride and joy within a very short time. Don’t try to reinvent the wheel yourself. Get all the help you can. You can buy a good guide that will tell you all about dog toilet training and much more about dog obedience for a few dollars. The investment will be well worth it.

My advice to anyone contemplating getting a puppy is to learn all you can about dog training and obedience well in advance so that when the big day arrives you can immediately put your plans into practice. This foresight on your part will make for a much happier relationship with your dog and a much happier household.

At the end of the day you only get results if you put in the effort. See my article on how to carry out dog toilet training in a very old fashioned way. You might be surprised with the results.

Dog Training – After An Poop Accident

No matter how house trained your dog or puppy, they are bound to have an accident in your home at some point. Whether it be from holding it in for too long, eating something that sit well, or even from excitation (A dog that's holding in its urine has a very difficult time holding it in if it is excitedly running around your home).

But there is a correct way and an incorrect way to deal with an accident.

Popular opinion teachers you that the best way to teach your dog not to have an accident in your home is to hold its nose in it until it realizes that it should not have gone there. But in truth, this is the absolute worst thing you can do to a dog. Dogs are not people. No matter how smart they may be, they do not understand why you are holding their head in their own waste. But, because they are not stupid creatures, they are aware that you are doing it for a reason.

By holding a dog's head in its waste, you are teaching it that it did something wrong, but not what it did wrong or how to fix it. Dogs that are punished in this method tend to become afraid of their owners and sometimes afraid of even going to the bathroom at all, because they associate the smell of their own waste with punishment. Some dogs even beginning hiding from their owners before they go to the bathroom in order to avoid getting yelled at. If this happens to you, you may find some unfortunates "presents" in closets or behind chairs.

Similarly, if you notice that your dog has had an accident, but you were not witnessing it happen, it is already too late to punish your dog. Dogs only understand what has happened to them recently. Once the business has been completed, yelling at your dog will only make the dog feel it has been punished for whatever it just did (often times that includes running up to its owner, which can cause the dog to be scared to come to you) .

For dogs, rewards are always better then punishment, and the best way to train your dog out of leaving accidents in your house is to continue to reward it for going outside. And if this is a onetime affair, because your dog is generally well house trained, the best thing to do is ignore it completely and clean up the spot as well as you can in order to get out any trace of the smell.

However, if you insist on punishing your dog, you must do so while it is in the act of the accident. Punishing the dog while it is urinating on your wall or carpet is the only way your dog will realize that the punishment is for the accident, not for anything else. And never, ever call your dog over for the punishment. If you see your dog about to go on your carpet, run over to your dog and stop it there. Calling your dog over and punishment it will, again, cause the dog to associate the punishment being due to coming over to you, and not for the accident it just made.

If your dog is properly house trained, these accidents should be few and far between, and are best left ignored. However, if you notice a pattern and insist on punishing your dog or puppy, avoiding those common practices like holding its head in its waste can help make sure your dog does not feel it is being punished unfairly, and it will relearn to go outside soon enough.

Dogs – Tips on What to Know When Choosing Your Family Dog

There are several questions you need to ask yourself and your partner or spouse before setting out to acquire a family dog. It is often that people jump into getting a dog without realizing the responsibility involved. And all dogs are not alike. So it is specifically that you weigh all the information and make an educated choice and not just because "It's so cute". Too many dogs end up at the animal shelter or out in the streets because the new owners did not take several things into consideration.

Should you get a puppy or should you get an older dog?

Do you prefer a pedigree or would you rather have a mutt?

Should you get a large dog or a smaller dog?

What kind of dog should you get for your children.

It is very important to understand that not all dogs will work in every family that has children. Most families will get a dog as a companion for a child or children and not really think about whether it is the right dog for them and their children. They will listen to someone who says "Oh, these dogs are great with kids". It is important to take the time to get to know the dog you are thinking of adding to your family. Just because someone says it is a great dog for kids does not mean that it is the best dog f your family.

Another consideration is that puppies and babies or very small children do not always mix. A small child does not understand that you do not pick up a puppy by the tail or neck. This will result in hurting the puppy and possibly cause the dog to become protective of itself which cause even a well rounded dog to become aggressive and possibly bite the child to stop it's own hurt. A small child will tend to hold a puppy too tight causing physical damage and again changing the attitude of the dog.

Dog Breeds: So You Want a New Best Friend?

So you want a new best friend. Well why not choose a new best friend known for its undying loyalty and dependability … a dog. But what kind of dog should you get? Simple … first you need to understand your reason for getting a dog.

For example, are you looking for a protector? Then maybe a German Shepherd or a Rottweiler is what you are looking for. Are you more interested in a dog known for its ability to do tricks so you can impress your friends? Then any dog ??in the terrier or poodle families may have the best choice for you. Maybe you're overly impressed with the "cuteness" factor of toy breeds.2 Cocker Spaniels, Chihuahuas, or Shih Tzus may be for you. So let's take a look at the different breeds.

It can be a daunting task to decide on what kind of dog to buy. There are breeds from which to choose. So how do does the inexperienced future dog owner decide. Simple. The first thing every future master should know is that all dogs, no matter their breed, can be lumped into four major groups; Working dogs, Sporting Dogs, Toy Dogs and the Mutt. First you have to know why you want a dog. So let's look at the four categories.

WORKING DOGS

Working dogs include German Shephards, Rottweilers, Collies, Hounds and nearly all of the larger breeds. These are breeds known for the fierce loyalty, their quick minds and their ability to learn quickly. Shephards and Rottweilers are good for protection and search and rescue. Retrievers and Setters are highly valued to hunters for their ability to swim and track prey. Collies are known for their instinctive herding ability and have been a very important member of the rancher's families for hundreds of years. Hounds are fantastic trackers and are used by search and rescue teams all over the world because of their incredible sense of smell.

SPORTING DOGS

Retrievers and Setters are the two major exceptions to the rule that most large breeds belong to the working dog category. Retrievers and setters are highly valued by the sporting and hunting communities for their instinctive ability to retrieve. Hunters use Labrador Retrievers for hunting various birds, especially ducks. Labs are known for their love of the water. That, combined with their innate love of the game fetch, makes the lab the number-one choice of hunters and other sportsman.

TOY DOGS

Toy breeds seem to have the most press in recent years thanks to their popularity with celebrities. Paris Hilton and Britney Spears have brought the Chihuahua back into the spotlight. Jessica Simpson is pushing the lovability of the Maltese. The strongest drawing card for these breeds is the all-powerful "cute factor." These are the breeds, which also include Shih Tzu's, Terriers, Pugs and Dachshunds, which are routiniously spoiled to the point that their owners no longer realize they even have a canine. They are convinced they have a little human in the house.

MUTTS

Of the breeds available, Mutts are probably the most plentiful and the most diverse. Everything from a Cockapoo (part Cocker, part Poodle) to a Rottsund (part Rottweiller, part Dachshund) is available. Mutts come in all shapes, sizes, colors, temperaments and personalities. And they can be found in every Humane Society and Rescue Society in the world. They can be smart and they can be stupid. They can be cute and they can be downright ugly. And the best part … with a Mutt, there's definitely a dog out there for everyone.

There are of course other things to consider when buying a dog. What is its reputation with children? How big do they get? What are the health problems associated with a certain breed? Am I going to show the dog or is it primarily going to be a pet? All good questions, and all should be thoroughly reviewed before deciding on a certain breed. But before you consider the answers to breed-specific questions, you should understand your own reasons for owning a dog. If you are looking for a protector and go to the local pound and take home a Chihuahua, either you or Tinkerbelle are going to be happy. So before you do your research and decide to buy a dog, do a little soul searching. If you understand and accept your own reasons for getting a dog, it will make you a more understanding owner. That understanding understanding translates to a happy dog. And is not that what all dog owners want.

Improper Dog Breeding – Do Not Buy Or Adopt a Dog Before Reading

You may have heard stories in your high school science classes about kings and queens that used to keep their bloodlines pure by marrying within the family. After years and years of this practice, a child would be born with tons of physical and mental problems. Your teacher probably explained that this was because all of the "bad" genes finally showed up through the inbreeding. Whether this story is true or whether it is merely an illustration, it demonstrates a valid point, along with a little exaggeration. Genetics is a complicated science, so this will be put as simply as possible.

It is easier to understand the problems of breeding if you can identify the different methods of breeding. Inbreeding, as demonstrated with the kings and queens, is the process of breeding inside the family. That is, the male and female are related, even if only cousins. Linebreeding is a form of inbreeding that is used to achieve "hard to find" hits, such as a recessive color. Linebreeding takes a son or daughter and breeds it with the female. Crossbreeding is a practice where dogs are mixed breeds. Proponents of crossbreeding claim that the dogs are much healthier than inbreed dogs. Almost everything about the dog is either inherited or developed through the environment. Eye color, coat color, size, and temperament are passed down through breeding. Temperament, though, can also be affected by the environment that the puppy is brought into.

Even the best breeders can run into problems. Depending upon the size of the operation, there are more than likely a small hand of males and females that are used to breed. Sometimes, even, there are only two dogs that continue to breed. You may be wondering why a breeder would not pull two dogs from completely different blood lines. This can, and does, happen; but the difficulty arises when the breeder is trying to reach a desired trait. It is highly unquestionably that dogs from two different bloodlines carry the same trait. This is when linebreeding takes place. If a breeder is trying to produce puppies of a recessive color, then he will use linebreeding to accomplish his task. However, when breeding you can not choose which genes will be passed down, and the bad are passed along with the good (the same is true with inbreeding). Occasionally, a genetic disorder arises because, to put it simply, the bad genes have built up and affected the bloodline.

Another similar problem occurs when one dog is used to breed multiple litters. For example, people may want a direct descendent of a dog that has won all sorts of competitions and awards. Why not breed him? He's almost perfect, right? Well, in reality, he is still carrying not so good genes are veiled by the better genes. You can bet, however, that he will pass down both types.

A good breeder will not use dogs that have known genetic defects to breed more puppies. This is why many breeders will guarantee the health of their pups. However, a backyard breeder that is uneducated in the matter will continue to produce unhealthy dogs, especially since many of the disorders do not show up until later in life. Hip dysplasia, eye problems, and heart problems are all genetic disorders that have made their way into the bloodlines of breeds. Not only is this adding to the pet overpopulation (where many end up being euthanized), but it is adding unhealthy animals to the problem.

Breeding is a science that incorporates the help and knowledge of many people. Thankfully, breeders do not have to tackle the tasks on their own. There are organizations that help supply breeders information on certain diseases or genetic defects and the findings of recent studies relating the two. Keeping an open line of communication between breeders also helps in the breeding process.

There are many problems that can result from improper breeding, and this is merely touched the tip of the iceberg. Even though it is not easy to understand the hows and whys of gene selection and inheritance, it is beneficial to understand the complications of breeding. Even the best of breeders may run into problems that are simply out of their control (remember that environment can play a pretty big role). Open communication is growing in popularity and helping breeders breed healthy pets.